Soups

ramen with tonkotsu broth

a little soup networking ::::

Japanese cooking is all about appreciating the separate but linked components. It’s not simply throwing a pound of meat into a screeching hot pan with ginger and garlic. It’s not the steamed rice soaking up some sauce. It’s about carefully tending to each part: slicing the fishcake just so; boiling the perfect egg; slow cooking the pork belly in sultry mix of ginger, garlic, miso, and mirin; wrapping sashimi in a blanket of nori and Kewpie mayo, like a gift. When I noticed this deliberate focus on each part, and then their careful placement into each dish, I knew how to cook Japanese food better. I don’t do it enough, but at least I have a foundation.

Tonkotsu broth is my epiphany to Japanese soup love. A miso broth isn’t bad. A thin chicken broth works in the right situation. But when you step over to the tonkotsu broth side, you never go back. It’s creamy, it’s meaty, the depth of flavor after long hours of cooking chicken and pork bones catches one’s attention. I could easily drink the broth on its own. But the soup components: the perfectly boiled egg, the fresh ramen noodles, the buttery pork cheek bathed in perfect flavors, the ruffle of woodear mushrooms, the blaze of pink-colored fishcake, the drizzle of bitter black garlic oil, a few rows of fresh steamed corn fresh of the cob, and the delicate sprinkle of scallions on top — my comfort in a bowl.

Every bowl of ramen is different, even those of us irrevocably in love with tonkotsu broth. Some like the bitter garlic oil, some don’t. The woodears may grace your bowl, or not. Maybe you are the kind of person who isn’t a fan of the cute fishcake. Whatever your likes, it’s still about the sum of its parts. Greatness in a bowl. Our “Japanese soup” as the kids call it, is always a favorite for dinner in our household, Peach favoring the egg and Grub loving the noodles and fish cake. Slurp away, people, it’s only polite.

 

Some of the details for success:

– DON’T use dry ramen noodles, the ones that cost pennies. Yes, they have their time and place. In a stupendous bowl of ramen that will change your life, they need not apply, sorely underqualified for the job. Seek out fresh ramen noodles in an Asian grocery store, usually found in the cooler sections near tofu and fish balls.

– DO have a large pot and a day at home to tend to the broth. As it cooks down, you may need to top it off with some water to immerse the bones again.

– DO prepare what you can ahead of time, so assembly just before serving is more streamlined. Boil the eggs and cut the steamed corn off the cob the night before. Chop the scallions. Chop the woodear. Slice the fishcakes. Prepare the black garlic oil while the soup is cooking.

– DO make substitutes if you don’t have all the components I list. There are endless combinations. Use fish balls instead of fishcake. Enoki mushrooms may be more your thing instead of the woodears. I like to be authentic, or at least close so the flavor profile is right, but you decide what you like.

You will be a convert. Those miso broths will never stir you like tonkotsu broth once you taste it.

 

 

I am not using the recipe plug-in for this recipe, appropriate because of the numerous components and recipes needed to create some of them. So here it is: the entire Ramen with Tonkotsu Broth recipe: the tonkotsu broth base is listed first, followed by the mayu  (black garlic oil), and the chashu  recipe. The final “Tonkotsu Ramen” section describes the assembly of a bowl of ramen with all of its components.

 

Tonkotsu Base – based on the norecipe.com foodblog recipe

makes about 20 cups of stock

2 pounds pig trotters, cut in half lengthwise
2.8 pounds pork leg bone, cut into several pieces
2.8 pounds chicken bones

oil for deep frying
2-inch piece of ginger ,sliced thin
1 small head garlic trimmed but whole
1 teaspoon cracked white pepper (or black peppercorns)
1 large onion sliced thinly

– Fill a large pot two-thirds of the way with water and bring to a boil. Add the pig trotters to the boiling water and cook until you stop seeing red blood come out of the bones (about 10-15 minutes). The idea is to draw out as much of the gunk as possible into this first batch of water. Transfer the trotters to a bowl of cold water then repeat with the leg bones and chicken bones (you can use the same water).

– Dump the now gunky water down the drain and wash the pot. Scrub any dark brown scum off all the bones and rinse them thoroughly. Return the cleaned bones to the pot and cover with water (the water should come up an inch above the top of the bones). Bring the pot to a boil and skim off any chunks or foam that floats to the surface. Keep doing this until you don’t seen any more foam or scum floating up. This will take about 30 minutes.

– While the bones are cooking, Heat 1/2″ of oil in a pot over medium heat and add the head of garlic and ginger. Fry this until they are browned and shriveled up. Use a slotted or wire mesh to transfer the ginger and garlic to a bowl. Add the onions to the oil and fry these until caramelized and shriveled. Add the fried onions to the ginger and garlic and set aside.

– Once the stock is scum-free, add the caramelized ginger, garlic, and onions to the stock. Cover the pot cook for 5 hours (you may need to check and add water periodically, the bones should be mostly covered in water). Twelve hours is even better if you have the time.

– Discard all of the bones, picking some of the tender meat off. Remove any chunks of pork and set aside for soup presentation later. Strain the stock into a bowl and skim off any excess fat. If you don’t use this right away, it’s okay in the fridge for a few days and freezes well for about a month.

 

Mayu (black garlic oil)

1/4 cup sesame oil
5 cloves of garlic grated

– Add the sesame oil into a small saucepan along with the grated garlic. Put the pan over medium low heat and let the garlic cook stirring occasionally until it is very dark brown. When the garlic is very dark, turn the heat down to low and let it cook until it is black.

– As soon as it hits black, turn off the heat and transfer the hot oil and garlic to a heatproof bowl. Let this mixture cool down completely. Add the cooled oil to a blender or food processor and blitz until there are no visible garlic particles left and the oil is uniformly black. (My food processor isn’t great, so I ended up with some bits.)

– It will taste burnt and slightly bitter, but this is okay as you only add a little bit to each bowl. Put it the oil in a container and refrigerate until you are ready to use it.

 

Chashu

2 pork cheeks or pork belly (I used about 2 lbs)
1 cup water
1 tablespoon sugar
1 tablespoon miso
2 tablespoons soy sauce
2 tablespoons mirin
2 tablespoons sake
1 inch fresh ginger, sliced
2 cloves of garlic
12 white or black peppercorns

– Put all ingredients into water. Water should immerse almost all, if not all, of the meat. If not, add a little more.

– Simmer and covered at medium-low heat for about 1 hour. If it looks like the water is evaporating too much, add a little more water.

– When meat is tender, cool and remove from liquid. Chill – it makes slicing thinly for soup easy.

– This recipe makes a lot, so you will have extra. It freezes well.

 

Tonkotsu Ramen

for approximately each bowl –
THE SOUP:
2 cups tonkotsu base (see recipe above)
2-3 tablespoons strained braising liquid from chashu (see recipe above)
1 clove garlic, finely grated (not pressed)
1-2 teaspoons kosher salt (I added less because I didn’t want to oversalt the dish, then added more later.)
1 teaspoon mirin
1/8 teaspoon white pepper
[The original recipe also adds 1 tablespoon sesame seeds coarsely ground and 2 tablespoons finely minced fatback (salted pork fat) — I think these ingredients make it more creamy like typical tonkotsu ramen.]

THE OTHER COMPONENTS:
ramen noodles, cooked
2 teaspoons mayu (from recipe above)
sliced chashu
2 scallions, finely chopped
tonkotsu soup broth, as above
I included woodear, boiled egg, corn, parboiled daikon sliced into batons, sliced fishcake, parboiled carrots cut into flower shapes — for instruction on the carrot flowers, see my recipe on chawanmushi.

 

– Heat the tonkotsu base in a sauce pan. In a bowl whisk together the chashu liquid, grated garlic, salt, mirin and white pepper. Add this to the hot broth and whisk to combine. Taste and adjust salt as needed.

– Split the cooked noodles between bowls. Pour the tonkotsu soup over the noodles.

– Top with chashu, scallions and whatever else you want to add. Finish the ramen with a small drizzle of mayu on top.

 

    8 COMMENTS

  • Wendy November 3, 2012 Reply

    Oh my. I so love slurping a good bowl of ramen, esp on a cold night. Have you tried Ryowa or Orenchi? Check out this recipe to complete your ramen recipe: How to boil a ramen egg! 🙂

    http://brandoesq.blogspot.com/2012/07/how-to-boil-ramen-egg-aka-hanjuku-or.html

    • story November 4, 2012 Reply

      That recipe looks perfect — so much better than the boring boiled egg I used! I’ll have to try that next time. Thanks! We haven’t tried Ryowa or Orenchi yet. We like Maru Ichi and Dohatsuten. I’ve heard good things about Orenchi.

  • marc January 19, 2013 Reply

    Great recipe. I have some questions about the tonkotsu base:
    Should the trotters and bones be raw? I’m asking because I have alot of pork chop and shoulder bones that came from smoked or cooked dishes. THey’ve been hibernating in my freezer and I just wonder if they could go to some good use here. They don’t have alot of meat on them but they are definitely some big bones with the marrow and ligaments intact.
    So, my question also is do the bones have to be uncooked or can they be form previously cooked meat. Also, is it integral to use pig’s feet or is it considered ok to use shoulder and chop bones?
    If its not good to use these previously cooked bones for the tonkotsu broth can you recommend some other good use for said bones. Not alot of recipes out there for just straight pork broth or stock.

    Thank You and I plan on making this ramen broth. LOoks great!

    • story January 19, 2013 Reply

      The meat should be raw for this recipe. Although the smoked meat could work, it will give a different flavor profile with the smokiness. The cooked meat would also work but not give the same creaminess to the broth as if raw. Marrow, ligaments, and tendons always make great broth. The pig’s feet have more of the cartilage than shoulder and chop from my experience, and that nourishing component really makes a nice, rich broth. (I sometimes additionally use chicken feet which make AMAZING broth.) Other uses for cooked bones can be just substituting them in making a chicken soup, using the pork instead. There are many Korean recipes that use pork broth. Pork broth with cooked (smoky or not) bones also makes a great liquid to cook dried beans. If there is any meat left on the bones, shredding it and mixing it into the beans is great. Good luck with your cooking endeavors!

  • Julia June 1, 2014 Reply

    lovely recipe! making it right now 🙂

  • Amy Kimoto January 19, 2015 Reply

    Hi there,
    Your recipe looks great – I just wanted to let you know that the title of your recipe refers to it as “tonkatsu ramen” when it should be changed to “tonkotsu ramen”. Tonkatsu is deep fried pork cutlet where you obviously know what tonkotsu is. It’s a minor detail but just wanted to make sure you changed it so people can see that you know your stuff. Good luck.
    Regards,
    Amy Kimoto
    http://www.easypeasyjapanesey.com

    • story January 20, 2015 Reply

      Thank you! That was an error in my reading. I will make the change.

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